Urban Planning Details
In the first decade of the new millennium, cities will acquire a greater importance than ever before in accommodating the world’s population. In the developed world, demographic changes – more elderly people, more divorces, more singles and a corresponding decline in the average family unit size – will create increasing demand for residential accommodation near transportation and information centres.
In the developing world, new cities are being created at an unprecedented rate to house growing populations and to cope with the drift of people from the countryside. China, for example, is at present building over 300 cities the size of Bristol. Typically rural/urban population ratios will be reversed, from 80:20 to 20:80, as people move from the land to work in sprawling new industrial centres. The effect of these changes will be to put huge pressure on existing towns and cities in developing countries as well as on agricultural land.
The vital issues that need to be determined are the correct level of urban density, the appropriate mix of uses, the relative level of public/private transport, and the acceptable amount and quality of public space, all related to local cultural patterns.