»Concept« Railway and Bus Stations
In an increasingly mobile society, structures built for transport purposes play an important role. They cover a broad range – extending from simple tram stops to bus and train terminals and on to large airports. Most strongly evident in the urban environment we know are railway and bus stations, and it is on these typologies that this issue of DETAIL focuses.
Since the advent of industrialism, the railway station has been a motor of urban development, assuming a special position in the fabric of our cities. As gateways to modern conurbations and symbols of a new mobility, these structures were not infrequently designed as buildings in the grand manner. At the same time, with the broad spans of their halls, they were commonly a field of experimentation and marked new engineering achievements. Evidence of this can be found not only in historical examples, like the glazed hall of St Pancras in London, but also in more recent projects, such as Nicholas Grimshaw’s Waterloo Station, the filigree glazed roof over the main station in Berlin and Santiago Calatrava’s expressive sculpture in Liège.