Museum of the Celts and Romans in Manching
Manching is regarded as the best-researched former Celtic settlement in Europe. Built to a tight budget, this 100-metre-long museum has an exhibition space on the upper floor largely enclosed in translucent glazing, which is illuminated at night by fluorescent lighting. The gallery is set on top of a concrete plinth structure housing the store and administration, with an open, glazed ship hall at one end. Access to the entrance on the upper level is via an 80-metre walkway over a trench with excavations which is filled with water at high tide. An exposed grid of trough-like soffit elements spans the 18-metre width of the 400 m2 entrance hall without intermediate columns, allowing maximum flexibility. To the left of the entrance is the space for temporary exhibitions in the form of an introverted black box; to the right, the route through the permanent Celtic exhibition begins – the largest space in the building, with an area of 800 m2. This gallery is daylighted through floor-height glazing to the north face. While the foyer is distinguished by noble maple finishes, simpler materials were used in the exhibition spaces, such as stone-like screeds and sandblasted concrete walls, which create a restrained background for the exhibits. Narrow routes lead past the media space to the Roman section of the exhibition. From a gallery, one has a view into the almost 10-metre-high ground floor ship hall, to which staircases lead down.