A Power Plant in Pinstripes: Grosspeter Tower in Basel
The façade design covers this irregularity with remarkable symmetry and well-balanced proportions: both base and tower feature punctuated façades with vertically oriented rectangular windows that become larger towards the top of the building. With this successive dissolution into glass panes, the façade design echoes the load transfer of the steel supporting structure formed from Vierendeel trusses at the façade surface.
From a distance, the anthracite-coloured façade covering calls to mind metal panels or printed glass. However, it comprises 10,000 thin-film solar modules that had to be manufactured in 450 different sizes in order to follow the composition of the façade. Altogether, the solar-power system, which is integrated into the façade, achieves a capacity of 400 kWp. Along with the 100-kWp solar modules on the roof, they will produce about 260,000 kilowatt-hours of electricity a year. This will cover nearly two-thirds of the power required by the building for heating, cooling, ventilation, elevators and general lighting. In terms of the total energy requirement including user consumption, the building covers 28% of what is needed. Heating and cooling are provided via a field of geothermal probes with an average depth of 250 m; these will operate in conjunction with heating pumps.
In 2017, Grosspeter Tower won the Swiss Solar Prize in the New Building category for its exemplary solar-power concept.