A Bathing Landscape With Inner Courtyard: Sportbad Aquatic Centre in Friedrichshafen
Client: Stadt Friedrichshafen
Architecture: Behnisch Architekten
Structural engineering: Schneck Schaal Braun
Location: Sportpark 1, 88046 Friedrichshafen (DE)
The new swimming complex stands between two former trade-fair halls which now serve as a shopping centre and event venue respectively. To one side, there is also a parkade. As the neighbourhood is quite heterogeneous, being neither urban nor quite rural, the architects have oriented the building to the inside. The heart of the Sportbad is the planted inner courtyard, whose outdoor pool and sunbathing terrace offer a sheltered space to relax. Around the courtyard, the swimming area unfolds with its various pools: an infants’ pool, shallow pool for non-swimmers, sports pool, a teaching pool with a diving tower and the pool for courses, which is delimited from the rest by glass walls and whose depth can be adjusted. The remaining facilities are distributed over two levels on the longer side of the building, facing the parkade: the ground floor accommodates the lobby and dressing rooms, while the upper level is home to administrative spaces, a restaurant and the sauna area. The two latter amenities have two spaciously laid out, lushly planted rooftop terraces that are also oriented towards the inside of the complex.
On the outside, the building presents itself as largely transparent with horizontal divisions on the façade. The roof surfaces, which are tiered towards the top, respond to the different required room heights; along with the terraces, they create a richly diverse roofscape.
An in-depth essay on the topic of swimming pools is featured in Detail 9.2021.